Notice the emphasis in the thrice repeated σημεῖον. strictly so speaking: see ch. An evil and adulterous generation. THE LOST ART OF CROSS-BEARING This is the third part of Matthew's Missionary Discourse (10:5-42). Matthew just quoted Jesus offering us an easy yoke and a light burden. And for a Messiah they wished a leader of the people who should gratify their riotous tastes and give them war and victory. Jonah was called by God to preach in godless Nineveh, but he tried to avoid the task and ended up within the insides of a large fish. “You despise,” he says, “the Son of God, who has come down to you from heaven: but I am yet to die, and to rise from the grave, and to speak to you after my resurrection, as Jonah came from the bottom of the sea to Nineveh.” In this manner our Lord cuts off every pretense for their wicked demands, by threatening that he will be their Prophet after his resurrection, since they do not receive him while clothed with mortal flesh. Furthermore it also signified that they were unbelieving and faithless, and that they had forsaken the true God in their hearts, judging Him only in unworthy ways, and refusing to believe unless He did things their way, and continually proved Himself. Hezekiah does not ask a sign, and it is offered to him, though unsolicited, (Isaiah 38:7.) Seeks a sign. conceived his sacred relation to God as represented by the figure of marriage, hence idolatry and They were like the adulterous wife of Hosea (Hosea 1:2), taken up with anyone and anything except faithfulness, except what represented the truth. ; Ezekiel 23:27, al.) Matthew 12:39. From Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. (39) An evil and adulterous generation.—The true relation between Israel and Jehovah had been represented by the prophets as that of the wife to her husband (Jeremiah 3; Ezekiel 16, 23; Hosea 1, 2). for on other occasions God manifests that He is not so much displeased on this account. One sign and only one, such as they demanded, should be given to those for whom the other notes of Messiahship were insufficient, and that should be the sign of the prophet Jonas. Greek. A considerable portion of the world may be opposed to the disciples of Christ, and the confession of their faith may draw upon them universal hatred. THE CONTEXT: Chapter 12 seethes with conflict. If it be 38 Then some of the Pharisees and teachers of the Law said to Him, “Teacher, we want to see a miraculous sign from you.”39 He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a miraculous sign! Matthew 12:39 Context 36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Spiritually. Matthew 12:38-40 Did the day of Jesus' resurrection cause a change in the day of worship? This word is thrice repeated here with great emphasis; cf. One great sign would be given, typified in the history of Jonah,—the death and resurrection of Christ. Their true spouse now was Jesus, the Jehovah incarnate. But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. But with a vile, they were forsaking him, and embracing in their hearts a false Messiah, the incarnation of their own riotous tastes and appetites. 40 For z just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish , a so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth . have on the correct day of worship. 39.He answered — Our Lord uniformly rebuked this demand for a sign. gives a sign. Commentary on Matthew 12:14-21 (Read Matthew 12:14-21) The Pharisees took counsel to find some accusation, that Jesus might be condemned to death. If a person is on Christ's side, then he will produce Christ-like fruit. The adulterous generation was therefore one that was unfaithful to its Lord—demanding a sign, instead of finding sufficient proofs of faithfulness and love in what He had already done. Therefore: : it will not be given either by Jesus or by any one else. Josephus later tells us that they were also evil and adulterous in practise, (‘that period had somehow become so prolific of crime of every description amongst the Jews, that no deed of iniquity was left unperpetrated, nor, had man’s wit been exercised to devise it, could he have discovered any new form of vice’ (not already being practised)) which was the kind of behaviour that went along with their spiritual attitude. it is said, When you shall have exalted the Son of man, then you shall know that I am he. ‘No sign,’ to confirm their false views of the Messiah. "Matthew 10:39, ESV: "Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it." There was, therefore, no proper ground for this annoyance; and they had no other object in view than to appear to have a good reason for rejecting Christ. Matthew 12:39. ἀλλὰ διὰ τὴν τῶν ἄλλων ὠφέλειαν. There shall no sign be given to it. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. He calls them adulterous, that is, spurious or illegitimate, (165) because they were degenerated from the holy fathers; as the prophets reproach the men of their age with being not the descendants of Abraham, but the ungodly seed of Canaan. Ezekiel 23:37, &c. generation. His prophecy of his burial, after the manner of the swallowing of Jonah, was in itself a miracle of foreknowledge, and so a proof of his Messiahship. But he answered and said unto them - "when the people were gathered thick together" (Luke 11:20). But He answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, there shall no sign be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet, There shall no sign be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet, род лукавый и прелюбодейный, Our Lord uniformly rebuked this demand for a, The temper of the demand itself was not to be indulged. Luke is no exception to this. Hence they were not only an evil, but. So Jesus warns them that He will only give them one sign, the sign of the prophet Jonah, although, as Mark 8:11-12 brings out, it is not the kind of sign that they are looking for. Here, as in the Old Testament, ‘adulterous’ means unfaithful to God, idolatrous. In these verses, Matthew collects a number of related sayings of Jesus having to do with committed discipleship in the face of conflict. he verse cannot be challenged on critical grounds. They thus have all the proof that they need before their eyes. About this page Source. Luke says that they made the request tempting, or making experiments upon him. "when the people were gathered thick together", "Surely as a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with me, O house of Israel, saith the Lord. Matthew 12:40 (cf. Paul condemns their posterity for the same crime, when he says that the Jews require a sign, (1 Corinthians 1:22). Matthew 12:39.A wicked generation He does not merely charge that age with malice, but pronounces the Jews—or at least the scribes, and those who resembled them—to be a wicked nation; thus declaring that they labored under a hereditary disease of obstinacy. ‘But he answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will no sign be given to it apart from the sign of Jonah the prophet,” ’. Matthew continues the theme of disciples imitating their master. Seeketh after a sign. “Let them rest satisfied,” says he, “with this sign, that as Jonah, brought up from the bottom of the sea, preached to the Ninevites, so they will hear the voice of a prophet risen from the dead.” The most of commentators, I am aware, display greater ingenuity in expounding this passage; but as the resemblance between Christ and Jonah does not hold at every point, we must inquire in what respect Christ compares himself to Jonah. Matthew 12:39-40 KJV But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. And there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 39. Hence they were not only an evil, but adulterous generation. Matthew 12:40 - for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster , so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Иер.5:7, 8). We expect the gospels, perhaps Luke especially, to reassure us that we find security in Jesus Christ. Matthew 5:32; and also, by synecdoche, very guilty; see James 4:4.— σημεῖον, a sign) and one too of a certain special kind. He declines, knowing it to be vain. Matthew 10:39 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Matthew 10:39, NIV: "Whoever finds their life will lose it, and whoever loses their life for my sake will find it. They must, however, be interpreted by the context. Remember: he is speaking to his enemies—those who said he did his miracles by means of Satan’s power. ‘Answered and said.’ In Matthew ‘answered’ does not necessarily refer back to a particular question. When he heals a demoniac, Lk 17:26–27, 34–35; 12:39–40). Such is the case with Luke 11-13, which … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 12:32-40" But if he is on Satan's side, he will produce Satan's fruit. Matthew 5:38-42, the other cheek and the extra mile 5:38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ 5:39 But I tell you, don’t resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. * [ 24:36 ] Many textual witnesses omit nor the Son , which follows Mk 13:32 . What a display was this, I do not say of indifference, but of malice, in shutting their eyes against so many signs! The word γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation. 9. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. 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